Warning that sippy cups were one of the worst inventions ever created, Vermont pediatrician Dr. Barb Frankowski recently urged House Ways and Means Committee members to take action to tax sugary drinks to fight obesity and improve dental health.
A portion of her testimony is excerpted below:
What do I see in my office? Children drinking sugary beverages almost all the time. I see it in the baby’s bottles and in the toddlers’ sippy cups. Children and adolescents come in toting 20 ounce containers of everything from colas to sweetened iced teas to Gatorade. How have we become such a thirsty nation?
Of course, the obesity epidemic is extremely complicated, and we can’t blame it all on sugary beverages. BUT – sugary beverages do play an extremely significant role.
Here are some facts:
- Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages has increased 500% in the past 50 years, and is not the single largest category of caloric intake in children, surpassing milk in the late 1990s
- A person who drinks one can (only 12 oz) of soda a day would gain 15 lbs in a year
- Pure liquid sugar also does not “fill us up” or induce satiety, the same way that fast food (that also contains fat and protein) does. These empty calories do not make us feel full. Therefore, there is inadequate calorie compensation - people are more likely to drink these extra calories in addition to other foods they are eating, rather than instead of these foods.
What is the burden of obesity from the medical point of view? Well, we all know about diabetes and cardiovascular disease. I do see some diabetes and hypertension in my pediatric practice. But what do I see even more? I see kids who are depressed, I see kids who are bullied at school, I see kids who are truant from school because of the bullying and - they don’t want to participate in PE!
What does the research show?
- Children who become overweight as preschoolers tend to stay overweight throughout childhood and into adolescents. Overweight and obese adolescents tend to remain obese as adults. Preventing obesity can be difficult, but it is MUCH easier than treating it!
- Studies suggest that a 10% price increase for beverages through taxation would decrease consumption by about 8-10%
Why not just educate people?
- There is NOTHING in soda that is good for you. Do people think there is?
- Smoking is bad for you – are there people who think it is good for them?
- Health education and behavior change is complex – it works much better to make the healthier choice the easier (and more economical) choice.